Top 5 Innovations that change the way we look at the World
Have you ever wondered how the world would look like if few things around us never existed? What if we were still walking barefoot or lighting the fire using stones or wearing leaves around to cover ourselves? I guess these few things would have taken you back to the Stone Age era we have always read and heard of in the history of mankind. So, today we would like to list down top 5 innovations that change our perspective towards living and also affected the way we live.
One of the most important inventions of human history is the invention of Internet. This very platform where you are reading this article would not have been possible without the internet. The history of the internet goes back to the 1950’s with the use of electronic computers and initial concepts of packet networking originated. The US Department of Defense awarded contracts as early as the 1960’s for packet network systems. The earliest computers were connected directly to terminals used by individual users, mostly in the same building or site. Such networks became known as local-area networks (LANs). Networking beyond this scope, known as wide-area networks (WANs), emerged during the 1950s and became established during the 1960s and the rest is history.
Imagine being in a situation, still having to write vast texts by hand and having to do it again to make copies, Yes our fingers and hand are already in pain. Thanks to Johannes Gutenberg, we have printing press which has surely reduced our work and made it more efficient. A goldsmith by profession, Gutenberg developed a printing system based on screw presses, making possible the precise and rapid creation of metal movable type in large quantities. The printing press spread within several decades to over two hundred cities in a dozen European countries. By 1500, printing presses in operation throughout Western Europe had already produced more than twenty million volumes. In the 16th century, with presses spreading further afield, their output raised tenfold to an estimated 150 to 200 million copies. The operation of a press became synonymous with the enterprise of printing, and lent its name to a new branch of media, “the press”. And the rest is history as print media continued to advance through time to reach the level we all see today.
The word clock is derived via Dutch, Northern French, and Medieval Latin from the Celtic words clagan and clocca meaning “bell”. Over is the time where we had to be looking at our sand based hourglasses to get the idea of correct time. The clock is one of the oldest human inventions, meeting the need to consistently measure intervals of time shorter than the natural units: the day, the lunar month, and the year.
Have you ever wondered what it would have been like still having to wait for a dozen of from one part of the world to other? A great suffering to say the least. As many of you have heard of Wright Brothers being the pioneers of aeroplane invention. It is truly one of the most historical technological advances in the history of mankind. The brothers, Orville and Wilbur made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
The brothers’ fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. After the first breakthrough in the aviation industry in 1903, it took only 40 years to make advancements to commercial jets, rockets and another 13 to launch first satellite into the orbit around Earth. Since then we have made giant strides in the aviation industry both technically and making it economically viable for different sections of society.
Railways, I say was one of the most important inventions of mankind. The concept of moving goods as well as humans on carts using wooden wheels driven by animals existed way back to Stone Age, but its advancement from this to carts being moved by locomotives is credited to John Curr, inventing the flanged rails and then came the hot blast from James Watt making vast improvements in the steam engine designed by Thomas Newcomen. This gave a huge push towards an industrial revolution in Europe. Over the years the railways have become an economical and viable option for the sections of society which still cannot afford travelling via Air.
-by Prateek Gupta